Researchers have reported that in vaccination, a certain subpopulation of dendritic cells is vital to triggering the body's adaptive immune system. The findings have important implications for vaccine delivery, as the usual method, intramuscular injection is likely not the most effective way to target those dendritic cells. The study findings published in Science Immunology.
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Researchers examined differences in neonatal morbidity and mortality rates among non-Hispanic black (black), Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white (white) very preterm infants and to determine whether these differences are explained by site of delivery.
The Researchers EVALUATED the effectiveness and drug discontinuation rates of rituximab Among Patients With relapsing-remitting newly diagnosed multiple sclerosis (RRMS) Compared With injectable disease-modifying treatment (DMTs), dimethyl fumarate, fingolimod, or natalizumab
National Joint Registry (NJR) launches new Accountability and Transparency Model for how it monitors implant, hospital and surgeon performance. The model would drive even greater patient safety and quality of care for joint replacement patients.
The aim of the study is to provide a long-lasting cure of hyperparathyroidism (minimal relapse rate) though leaving a residual parathyroid hormone ( PTH ) production promptly available after surgery, useful in case of a successful renal transplantation (RTx) shortly after parathyroidectomy .
Researchers have identified no evidence of a correlation between watching forensic science TV shows (CSI: Crime Scene Investigation) and the ability to get away with committing a crime. This is the first study to look at the question of whether criminals could profit from viewing dramas of this sort.
Children with asthma in the Rochester City School District who received a combination of telemedicine support and school-based medication therapy were almost half as likely to need an emergency room or hospital visit for their asthma, according to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics.
Repeated exposure to radiation from imaging for cardiovascular procedures in adults with congenital heart disease is related, in a dose-response fashion, to the increased lifetime risk of cancer, according to a longitudinal cohort-based study published in Circulation.
For veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), the shock of noise and light may trigger a deeply learned expectation of danger. Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute (VTCRI) have found that people with PTSD have an increased learning response to surprising events. While most everyone reacts to surprise, people with PTSD tend to pay even more attention to the unexpected. The study was published in the journal eLife
Between February and November 2016, the Institute of Medical Microbiology at the University of Zurich discovered a multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in eight refugees arriving in Europe from the Horn of Africa. The analyses provided an impulse for launching a transnational investigation and developing a pan-European alerting system.
Penn Medicine will conduct the Northeast's first clinical trial of uterine transplants, to provide women with Uterine Factor Infertility (UFI), with a new path to parenthood. A woman with UFI cannot carry a pregnancy either because she was born without a uterus, has had the organ surgically removed, or has a uterus that does not function properly. The Uterine Transplantation for Uterine Factor Infertility (UNTIL) trial is the third of its kind in the U.S.
According a new study that is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, simple pain reliever, Ibuprofen, could be having a problematic effect on the testes of young men. Ibuprofen is taken almost routinely by young athletes for injuries and pain.