Researchers at Keck Medicine of USC looked to a custom recording tool similar in concept to a flight recorder on an airplane. When attached to a robotic surgery system during radical prostatectomy procedures, the most common treatment for prostate cancer, the "black box" recorder captured data that could be used to discern the difference between novice and expert surgeons. The results of the study will appear in the January 2018 edition of The Journal of Urology.
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According to the Cardiff University researchers, drugs designed for the treatment of central nervous system diseases could also be used to prevent the development of injury-induced arthritis, potentially saving the NHS around half a billion pounds a year.
Low peak lung function (defined as forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] <80% predicted) in early adulthood is associated with an increased prevalence and earlier incidence of respiratory, cardiovascular, and metabolic comorbidities, as well as premature death, according to the results of a recent transgenerational Spanish cohort analysis published in the Lancet Respiratory Medicine.
The researchers from the University of Alberta have discovered a mechanism that may make cancer cells more susceptible to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The research team found that the protein RYBP prevents DNA repair in cancer cells, including breast cancer.
The first clinical study of a low-cost, hand-held jaundice detector invented by Rice University students could not have come at a better time for NEST360°, an international team of scientists, doctors, and global health experts preparing for a Dec. 11 competition for $100 million from the MacArthur Foundation. The money would allow the team to carry out its visionary plan to halve the number of newborn deaths in African hospitals within 10 years.
Researchers have developed a new gel formulation for the treatment of erectile dysfunction . This gel formulation contains nitrates or nitroglycerin that is being used to treat angina chest pain and also an important ingredient in making explosives. The study was published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine .
New findings from the University of Pennsylvania suggest a mechanism that may explain how viruses can linger. Products of the viral infection called defective viral genomes (DVGs) which have been known to be involved in triggering an immune response, can also kick off a molecular pathway that keeps infected cells alive, the researchers discovered.
Norway's cross-country skiers will arrive in Pyeongchang hoping to continue their recent dominance in a sport that doubles as a national obsession, but even at home, there are questions over the ethical use of medicines by athletes.
In a new study reported in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers from The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC – James) have identified a substance called Gdf-15 released by pancreatic cancer cells that protect them from attack by immune cells called macrophages.
One of the most intriguing properties of the brain is its means to undergo synaptic plasticity which represents the basis for learning and memory, abilities that severely decline in the case of dementia. A new study published in the scientific journal Brain suggests that particular proteins important in the communication between neurons could be targets for early interventions in patients with different types of dementias.
A new work published in Nature Communications reported a new blood stabilization method significantly prolongs the lifespan of blood samples for microfluidic sorting and transcriptome profiling of rare circulating tumour cells (CTCs) carried in the bloodstream.
The world's leading players' associations unveiled a universal declaration of player rights designed to give athletes a global voice and protect them from the fallout from corruption and a broken anti-doping system.