Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) is a common neurologic syndrome resulting in pain, numbness, and/or weakness in the arm, forearm, and hand. This condition affects 0.3-8.0% of the U.S. population and is generally caused by impingement of nerves traveling from the brachial plexus in the neck, through a region referred to as the thoracic outlet.
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Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University are creating 3D-printed models of children's hearts. They are printed based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of real patients. These models are used as simulators for cardiac surgeons to plan and pre-work forthcoming operations.
The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the relationship between intraoperative urine output during major abdominal surgery and the development of the AKI and to identify an optimal threshold for predicting the differential risk of AKI.
A new study on Asian tiger mosquito was presented at the 66th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH) Annual Meeting. The invasive Asian tiger mosquito now rapidly spreading in parts of the U.S. and Europe may have been significantly underestimated as a potential source of Zika and dengue virus infections — and for one simple reason: they were underfed.
A new study published in Science reported that new drugs, immune checkpoint inhibitors, could restore the immune system's recognition of cancer cells and have led to dramatic responses in a number of cancer types. Researchers have identified why and how an individual's own gene, HLA, could play a role in the response to the immunotherapy drugs.
The National Health Policy 2017 has proposed to increase the public spending on healthcare from a dismal 1% to a meagre 2.5% of GDP by 2020, which is itself well below the world average of 5.99%. This is an appalling situation and calls for an urgent action.
Transitioning away from a popular contraceptive shot known as DMPA could help protect women in Sub-Saharan Africa and other high-risk regions from becoming infected with HIV, according to a research review published in the Endocrine Society's journal Endocrine Reviews.
A new study conducted by researchers in the Center for Injury Research and Policy of the Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital investigated sports- and recreation-related eye injuries during a 23-year period and found a slight decrease in eye injuries overall. However, the rate of eye injury associated with non-powder guns (including BB, pellet and paintball guns) increased by almost 170%.
Scleroderma with internal organ involvement is a debilitating and lethal autoimmune disorder with few effective treatments. But a study led by Duke Health researchers has found new cause for optimism using an aggressive stem cell transplant regimen.
The ultimate goal is to be able to inject bacterial into the patient's body and then use ultrasound machines to hit the engineered bacteria with sound waves to generate images that reveal the locations of the microbes. The pictures would let doctors know if the treatments made it to the right place in the body and were working properly.
A major international collaboration led by Melbourne researchers has discovered that the world's most widespread malaria parasite infects humans by hijacking a protein the body cannot live without. The researchers were then able to successfully develop antibodies that disabled the parasite from carrying out this activity.
A new study was led by a Rutgers University-Camden researcher. According to the study, black adolescents express depressive symptoms differently than people from other age and racial groups, requiring that clinicians take this into account when developing treatment plans.