A new study showed a development in perioperative analgesia and mortality scoring systems, changes to intra-operative anaesthetic technique and strategies to reduce the requirement for blood transfusion. Patients suffering a hip fracture are usually elderly, with a median age of 83 years, and co-existing chronic illnesses. Around 30% of patients with hip fracture also suffer from cognitive dysfunction and the requirement for urgent surgery in this patient group can be challenging to the anaesthetist.
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In pregnancies complicated by fetal congenital heart disease (CHD), global placental perfusion was significantly decreased and regional variation of placental perfusion significantly increased as pregnancies progressed, findings that point to non-invasive imaging providing an early warning of placental dysfunction. A Children's National Health System (CNHS) researchers report placental perfusion abnormalities in pregnancies complicated by fetal CHD measured using non-invasive fetal MRI techniques.
Use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to treat brain metastases in a variety of cancer types has increased significantly ? but unevenly ? during the past decade, according to a new study published in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University in Singapore have developed a small, organ-on-a-chip device that is especially good for modeling atherosclerosis – the constriction of blood vessels that is the leading cause of heart attacks and strokes. The device could potentially help better understand patients atherosclerosis and develop new treatments.
A new study published in the recent issue Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics reveals new insights into the role of self-help in inpatient psychotherapy. The inpatient psychotherapy in combination with self-help program can improve the depressive symptoms or prevent relapse.
A new study, published in the Journal of Biomechanics , examines what may cause chronic back pain in runners and the exercises to help prevent it. The study findings suggest that they runners with weak deep core muscles are at higher risk of developing low back pain. And, unfortunately, most people's deep core muscles are not nearly as strong as they should be.
Richard Serna, an associate professor of psychology addressed the acute need for professionals trained in the most effective treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder. Early treatment is critical in addressing intellectual delays and disabilities, as well as in heading off behavioral problems.
A new study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shown that experimental diabetes drugs can make cancer cells more vulnerable to traditional chemotherapy agents, and such combinations should be explored to potentially improve outcomes for cancer patients.
In a study published today in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, based on patients' awareness of their memory problems, researchers have identified a useful method to predict who won't develop Alzheimer's disease. People who were not aware of their memory loss, a condition called anosognosia, were more likely to progress to Alzheimer's disease and those who were aware of memory problems were unlikely to develop dementia.
The microfluidic device, which can be used in clinics, is dubbed SPARTAN, short for Simple Periodic ARray for Trapping And IsolatioN. It uses a field of three-dimensional posts that create an obstacle course for the swimming sperm cells. The strongest and healthiest sperm get through this array the fastest and then are collected at the outlet to be used in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process.
Studies in mice and in tissue cultures suggest that giving vitamin C with tuberculosis drugs could reduce the unusually long time it takes these drugs to eradicate this pathogen. The research is published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
Paul Brown from the University of Calgary led a study to find out just how much exercise is needed during hemodialysis, a treatment that uses a machine to filter the body's blood and remove toxins when the kidneys are not functioning. The study findings were published in the Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism