Pfizer's bivalent meningococcal B vaccine targeting factor H-binding protein (MenB-FHbp, Trumenba) elicits bactericidal responses against diverse meningococcal B strains after the second and third doses in adolescents and young adults, according to two phase 3 studies published online in The New England Journal of Medicine.
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A new study revealed that German GPs were beginning to delegate tasks to non-physicians and should extend delegated tasks to their practice staff, but the implementation of task shifting depends on different aspects, such as legal requirements, adequate payment and qualified staff.
A member of the Indian parliament wrote a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, urging him to cap the prices of 20 medical devices to bring down hospitalization costs and make healthcare more affordable.
Peter A Kahn, MD, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, and colleagues suggests, Glucagon is under used for treating severe hypoglycemia in both emergency and outpatient settings.Findings from an analysis of data on glucagon administration by emergency personnel and glucagon prescribing under Medicare. The study findings were published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Researchers find a way to capture detailed information on human sleep cycles over long periods of time while individuals slumber at home in their usual way. According to the researchers, the findings represent a major breakthrough in sleep as for the first time it was possible to objectively capture the real-life sleep habits and sleep quality of large numbers of people. The study is published in Current Biology.
HIV-positive individuals have lower neuropsychological test scores and smaller brain volumes than HIV-negative people, but the disadvantages of patients who receive combination antiretroviral therapy (CART), reporters. The study findings were published in the JAMA Neurology
Of every 100 Americans who drink (140 million), about 12 (16 million) are considered in need of treatment for an alcohol use disorder, and eight will become chemically dependent on alcohol. Of that eight, one will become addicted very early, even after the first drunken episode. The problem is, we do not yet have a way to predict who that one person will be.
A recently demonstrated randomized trial compared APRV versus the current standard of care, low-tidal-volume ventilation (LTV). Although many consider APRV to be a "rescue mode" for refractory hypoxemia, others argue that it minimizes ventilator-induced lung injury and maintain that APRV should be the primary mode of ventilation for patients with ARDS. This study was published in The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Accepting organs from HIV-positive donors for HIV-positive patients on the transplant waiting list could help ease the organ shortage, Dr. Hilton and her team note in their report. This would likely result in one or two organ donations from HIV-positive people per year, the researcher said. The study findings was published in the Clinical Kidney Journal
A new study published in Nature Medicine reported a surprising role of immune system in the aftermath of heart attacks. The findings revealed a new potential therapeutic opportunity to prevent heart attacks from progressing to heart failure in patients.
A new Research using a new skill, Navy Aerospace Medical Institute (NAMI), a detachment of Navy Medicine Operational Training Center (NMOTC) investigated that could potentially become an early-warning signal to military pilots who are experiencing inflight physiologic events such as hypoxia.The senior medical officer of Naval Aviation Schools Command (NASC), who coordinates all NAMI research, is working with new Electroencephalogram (EEG) technology for use in hypoxia detection.