All news from Anaesthesiology

Chronic lung disease treatment in New Zealand: Often not consistent with international guidelines

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), often known as emphysema and usually caused by smoking, is a common cause of hospital admissions and death and affects an estimated 100,000 people in New Zealand. University of Otago researchers have found that the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in New Zealand frequently does not conform to international guidelines.

Scientists Make Research Hydrogel Grow More Like Biological Tissues

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) have found a way to direct the growth of hydrogel, a jelly-like substance, to mimic plant or animal tissue structure and shapes. The findings published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggest new applications in areas such as tissue engineering and soft robotics where hydrogel is commonly used. 

Kidney damage: Extracellular vesicles can be used to effectively delay the disease progression

Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that extracellular vesicles – tiny protein-filled structures – isolated from amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) can be used to effectively slow the progression of kidney damage in mice with a type of chronic kidney disease. The findings, by a research team at the Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, provide new insights about the mechanisms of kidney disease and point to a new approach for improved treatments. Results of the study were recently published online in Scientific Reports.

Platelets: The Body's Street Sweepers

A new study appeared in the journal Cell extended the list of tasks performed by the smallest blood cells known as platelets. At sites of infection, actively migrating platelets sweep bacteria into aggregates for disposal by phagocytic cells.

Radiologist could Predict Heart Attack Risk Linked to Fat Distribution

It's not the amount of fat in your body but where it's stored that may increase your risk for heart attack, stroke, and diabetes, according to a new study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). A group of radiologist looked at the differences in fat distribution patterns among overweight and obese men and women and their associated cardiometabolic risk.