Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), often known as emphysema and usually caused by smoking, is a common cause of hospital admissions and death and affects an estimated 100,000 people in New Zealand. University of Otago researchers have found that the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in New Zealand frequently does not conform to international guidelines.
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In a new study published in Cell Systems, researchers said that a new chip etched with fluid channels sends blood samples through a hydrodynamic maze to separate out rare circulating cancer cells into a relatively clean stream for analysis.
The majority of patients were pain-free after receiving a new image-guided pulsed radiofrequency treatment for sciatica and low back pain, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America. The study pointing to a more promising therapy that could eliminate back pain of people who endure it.
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) have found a way to direct the growth of hydrogel, a jelly-like substance, to mimic plant or animal tissue structure and shapes. The findings published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggest new applications in areas such as tissue engineering and soft robotics where hydrogel is commonly used.
A new study published in Nature reported that an enzyme that is responsible for the breakdown of specific amino acids in food plays a key role in the development of leukaemias and brain cancer.
New research provides insights on the potential effects of weight on the health of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A study published in Arthritis Care & Research examines how overweight and obesity may affect the likelihood of achieving remission in early RA. A separate study in Arthritis & Rheumatology focuses on weight change in early RA and patients' subsequent risk of early death.
Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that extracellular vesicles – tiny protein-filled structures – isolated from amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) can be used to effectively slow the progression of kidney damage in mice with a type of chronic kidney disease. The findings, by a research team at the Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, provide new insights about the mechanisms of kidney disease and point to a new approach for improved treatments. Results of the study were recently published online in Scientific Reports.
Researchers have discovered that the Maraba virus, or MG1, can target and destroy the kind of HIV-infected cells that standard antiretroviral therapies can't reach. If this technique works in humans, it might possibly contribute to a cure for HIV.The laboratory discovery was published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.
It's not the amount of fat in your body but where it's stored that may increase your risk for heart attack, stroke, and diabetes, according to a new study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). A group of radiologist looked at the differences in fat distribution patterns among overweight and obese men and women and their associated cardiometabolic risk.
A new single-tablet regimen (STR) that includes the protease inhibitor (PI) darunavir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide maintains viral suppression in adults infected with HIV-1, according to results from the EMERALD phase 3 noninferiority trial.Findings were published online in The Lancet HIV.
The repair of wounds is one of the most complex biological processes in human life. A new study found that jellyfish have a great capacity for promoting growth and healing. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Thus, the study findings showed that TE-induced proliferation and migration in HUVECs mainly occurred through the ERK1/2 MAPK signalling pathway.