All news from Anaesthesiology

Policy on contraception and abortion in India requires to be fixed

Singh et al. report findings on the incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy in India for 2015. These are published in the journal The Lancet Global HealthUsing data from multiple sources, the investigators found that in 2015, half of the 48·1 million pregnancies in India were unintended and that 15·6 million (14·1–17·3 million) pregnancies ended in abortions.As the investigators largely relied on direct measurements instead of indirect estimation techniques, these data add pivotal value to the existing literature on unintended pregnancies and abortion rates.

General Anesthesia: Eases Endometrial Ablation Pain

A new research suggests, women who received paracervical block—an anesthetic procedure at the completion of their endometrial ablation had less pain at one hour postoperatively. Moreover, less immediate postoperative narcotic medication was required. The study was published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.  Adjunct local anesthetic blocks helps in controlling pain, and decrease the need for narcotics postoperatively. By proceeding, this measure could protect patients from opioid addiction.

Cerebral anatomy of mild Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Healthy Children

Subclinical obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms are frequently observed in children and have been reported to predict a subsequent diagnosis of OC disorder (OCD). The present study aimed to identify the brain volumetric features associated with subclinical OC symptoms and the potential modulatory effects of sex and age in a large sample of healthy children. It is published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Emotional Support Improve Psychological Outcomes for the Surrogate

In U.S., approximately 50% of the 13 million elders hospitalized yearly are not able to make their own medical decisions and depend on surrogates (close family members) to make decisions for them. However, the response of the surrogates to the demands put upon them was less known. A new study has revealed predictors and rate of surrogate decision-maker distress and found the high levels of both anxiety and depression.

Transfusion dependence beneficial to the leukemia patients

A study was presented at the 59th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in Atlanta. The researchers found that for patients with advanced leukemia, access to high-quality end-of-life care appears to be reduced in those dependent on blood transfusions. The study associates this reduced access and consequent diminished use of hospice services with a reduced quality of end-of-life care for these patients.