According to a new study published in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology, a blood test could identify paracetamol overdose patients at risk of liver damage. Researchers say the test which detects levels of specific molecules in blood would help doctors find which patients arriving at the hospital need more intense treatment.
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A study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine reported that the highest-quality research has done little to illuminate a single path to prevent dementia and cognitive decline. Brain training, medication, regular exercise, a healthier diet and a busy social calendar, have not been shown definitively to work according to a series of reports.
The first view of the physical mechanism of how a blood clot contracts at the level of individual platelets is giving researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania a new look at a natural process that is part of blood clotting. A team led by John W. Weisel, a professor of Cell and Developmental Biology, describes in Nature Communications how specialized proteins in platelets cause clots to shrink in size.
A research team from Sweden and the USA has now estimated the lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of cancer for patients of various age and gender undergoing a range of nuclear medicine procedures. The study findings were published in the Phys. Med. Biol. 62 9177
A new study revealed that ATR-FTIR (Attenuated total reflectance- Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy) combined with advanced chemo-metric methods could be a valuable tool for estimating bloodstain age in mimicked indoor and outdoor crime scenes.
The study identified the association between daily dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and the prevalence of glaucoma in the United States may provide modifiable dietary risk factors for the development of glaucoma.
The researchers of Kumamoto University , Japan have shown that abnormalities of the epithelial sodium ion (Na + ) channel ( ENaC ) and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator ( CFTR ) reduces the body's ability to deliver zinc ions (Zn2 +) to lung epithelial cells. The insufficient zinc supply to the lung epithelial cells causes the overproduction of mucus , leading to the development of the obstructive pulmonary diseases.
The researchers found that mothers of teenagers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disability (ID) reported higher levels of stress and other negative psychological symptoms (think depression or anxiety) than mothers of teenagers with typical development, or TD.The study was published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
A RAND Corporation study reported that the U.S. health care system lacks the capacity to rapidly change a treatment for Alzheimer's disease from approval into wide clinical use that could leave millions of people without access to transformative care if such a breakthrough occurs.
A new study published in the journal Scientific Reports revealed that two types of cancer (lymphoma and melanoma) could be detected with a simple blood test using infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The findings suggested that IR spectroscopy could detect biochemical changes induced by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (a solid tumorous condition of the immune system), and subcutaneous melanoma, (the deadly form of skin cancer), and has diagnostic potential as a screening technique for these cancers.
A new study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine emphasized the impact of obesity on the long-term health of blood-making stem cells (hematopoietic stem cells). The study led to genetic models of obese mice showed that obesity causes durable and harmful changes to the hematopoietic stem cell compartment (the blood-making factory in our bodies).
Obese people who lose a substantial amount of weight can slow down the degeneration of their knee cartilage, but only if they lose weight through diet and exercise or dietary alone, according to a new MRI study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).